200 Acres Land available in Prakasham Dist, Andhra Pradesh, Suitable for SANDAL WOOD Plantation If anyone interested reach email@example.com
Red Sandalwood Plantation Details What is Red Sandalwood Plantation, The scientific name of Red Sandalwood is Pterocarpus santalinus is a species of Pterocarpus native to India. Red Sandalwood is a tree. The wood at the center of the trunk “heartwood” is used as medicine. Red Sandalwood is used for treating digestive tract problems, fluid retention, and coughs and for “blood purification”. Indians have been long deprived of this precious cash crop called “Red Sandalwood”. This wild tree yields Crores of rupees. However, it needs less human support for its growth. India is one among the only six countries and it is found only in south India.
Sandalwood Specific Names:
Common Names of Sandalwood in India: Safed Chandan, Chandan, Sandal and Sandalwood, Santalum album, ShiriGandha, Aninditha, Arishta Phalam, Bhadhrashraya, Sarpavasa, Chandrakanta, Gandhasara,Thailaparna and Malayaja.
Vernacular Names: Bengali: Rakta Chandan; Gujarati: Ratanjali; Hindi: Lal Chandan, Ragat Chandan, Rukhto Chandan, Undum; Urdu: Sandal; Kannada: Agslue, Honne; Marathi: Tambada Chandana; Oriya: Raktachandan; Malayalam: Patrangam, Tilaparni, Rakta Chandanam; Sinhala: Rath Sandun; Tamil: Chenjandanam, Semmaram, Sivappu Chandanam; Telugu: Agaru gandhamu, Errachandanam, Raktachandanam.
Varieties of Red Sandalwood:
Of the 15 different species of sandalwood that grow throughout the world, there are 2 main varieties that are traded internationally.
These are Santalum spicatum (Australian sandalwood) and Santalum album (Indian sandalwood). Australian sandalwood currently supplies well over half of all sandalwood traded around the globe annually. Australian sandalwood has historically been used in the agarbatti and incense markets in China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and other Asian countries. It has been widely accepted in these areas over 150 years. In recent years Australian sandalwood oil has been incorporated into many high-end perfumes and other cosmetic products. Australian sandalwood does produce a lower oil content when compared to Indian sandalwood although it consistently produces the oil forming heartwood from a young age. Australian plantation sandalwood has been tried and tested in plantations the brought Western Australia for over 25 years by both private and Government organizations.
Difference between Australian & Indian Sandalwood:
Whilst the two main commercially species of sandalwood grown in plantations both belong to the Santalum genus they differ in plant physiology, production techniques, markets and applications. Some of the main points of difference include.
Where else is Sandalwood being grown?
Western Australia currently has the largest sandalwood plantation resource in the world. Australian sandalwood is being grown in commercial plantations throughout the Wheatbelt of Western Australia, and Indian sandalwood in the tropical far north of Australia. There are however some small plantations of Indian sandalwood being grown in India, China, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines and the Pacific Islands.
How much oil does one tree produce?
Oil yield in sandalwood trees varies between species and age. The oil is present only within the heartwood of the tree. There is a correlation between the tree age and presence of heartwood. On average, Australian sandalwood produces between 3 to 3.5% oil and Indian sandalwood between 3.5 to 5% oil within the heartwood of each species.
Climate Requirement for Sandalwood Cultivation: Sandalwood crop requires and grows well in hot and humid climatic conditions. The ideal temperature for sandalwood tree growth is between 12° and 35°C.
Land Preparation for Sandalwood Cultivation:
Give a couple of ploughings to bring the soil to fine tilth stage and weed free. Prepare the soil or beds in such a way that excess water will drain out quickly in case of heavy rains or floods. Propagation in Sandalwood Cultivation: Sandalwood can be propagated by means of seeds and vegetatively through tissue culture.
Planting and Spacing in Sandalwood Cultivation:
Usually seeds collected from plants at an of age 15 to 20 years in August to march is best for its growth and yield. These collected plants should be dried up and well-treated before sowing on nursery beds. Generally, 7 to 8 months old well-branched seedlings of 30 to 35 cm height raised on nursery beds are used for transplanting in the main field. Two types of seedbeds such as “sunken” and “raised beds” are used to raise the sandalwood seedlings. The pits size of 45 x 45 x 45 cm should be dug during soil/land preparation. The plant-to-plant distance should be 10 feet. Make sure there will not be any stagnated water in pits before planting. Expose pits for sun for a couple of days to dry up the pits any pests will be destroyed. Sandalwood will start flowering after 4 years planting and need to make sure to remove the weeds and dried/diseased branches on regular basis to make the field weed free. Prefer to use Bio-fertilizers in sandalwood cultivation.
Irrigation in Sandalwood Cultivation:
Sandalwood crop can be grown throughout the year provided there is enough irrigation facility available. When it comes to water requirement, irrigation should be provided at an interval of 2 to 3 weeks when the plants are young especially in hot and summer climatic conditions. Go for drip irrigation in regions where the water source is limited. Sandalwood plant does not require any irrigation in the rainy season and make sure to drain out any excess water from the tree basin.