Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities.
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Crop, In agriculture, a plant or plant product that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence. By use, crops fall into six categories: food crops, for human consumption, feed crops, for livestock consumption, fibre crops, for cordage and textiles, oil crops, for consumption or industrial uses, ornamental crops, for landscape gardening and industrial and secondary crops, for various personal and industrial uses.