The Indian Agricultural Research Institute (ICAR) is a premier agricultural research organization in India that is responsible for conducting research and development activities related to agriculture and allied sectors. It is an autonomous organization that operates under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers' Welfare.
ICAR was established in 1905 as the Imperial Institute of Agricultural Research, and it has played a leading role in the development of modern agriculture in India. It has a network of research institutes and centers across the country, and it conducts research on a wide range of topics, including plant breeding, crop production, animal husbandry, and natural resource management.
ICAR is also responsible for providing education and training to students in agriculture and related fields. It operates a number of agricultural universities and colleges, and it offers a range of degree and diploma programs in agriculture, veterinary science, and other related fields.
In addition to its research and education activities, ICAR also provides technical assistance and support to farmers and other stakeholders in the agriculture sector. It works closely with state governments and other organizations to promote the adoption of modern agricultural technologies and practices, and it plays a key role in the development and implementation of agricultural policies in India.