INCREASING THE YIELD OF EGGPLANT BY GRAFTING WITH THE ROOT STOCK OF TURKEY BERRY

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To Double the yield of Brinjal the Tamil Nadu Agriculture University has advanced with a new technique of grafting the rootstock of Turkeyberry (SolanumToruvum) with the Brinjal seedling. It is an effective technique which strengthens the growth of the plant by increasing the uptake of nutrients from soil-borne diseases and drought. Brinjal plant is highly endangered to pests and diseases. In order to solve this problem, the brinjal seedling is grafted with the rootstock of SolanumToruvum and this is the species which is mostly available in GraveYard. SolanumToruvum which is more resistant to wilt diseases. The technique comprises initially the turkey berry seeds are planted in the trays and after completion of one month, the brinjal seeds are planted in other trays. After completion of one month, we can see both plants(Brinjal plant and Turkey Berry) are produced with the same thickness approximately. Then we have to collect the scion (Stem) of the Brinjal plant and the rootstock of the TurkeyBerry are grafted together with the help of clips. Before transferring the grafted plants into shade plant the grafted plants should be positioned in the fog chamber for a few days. The ready grafts can be transplanted into farmers field within 3 months of the process. The grafted brinjal can remain in the field for one year and more resistant to drought and pest. Brinjal graft can produce 7 to 8kg yields when compared to normal brinjal which produces 3 to 4kg yield in one season.

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